draft-ietf-idr-bgp-prefix-sid-27.txt   rfc8669.txt 
IDR S. Previdi Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) S. Previdi
Internet-Draft C. Filsfils Request for Comments: 8669 Huawei Technologies
Intended status: Standards Track A. Lindem, Ed. Category: Standards Track C. Filsfils
Expires: December 28, 2018 Cisco Systems ISSN: 2070-1721 A. Lindem, Ed.
Cisco Systems
A. Sreekantiah A. Sreekantiah
H. Gredler H. Gredler
RtBrick Inc. RtBrick Inc.
June 26, 2018 December 2019
Segment Routing Prefix SID extensions for BGP Segment Routing Prefix Segment Identifier Extensions for BGP
draft-ietf-idr-bgp-prefix-sid-27
Abstract Abstract
Segment Routing (SR) leverages the source routing paradigm. A node Segment Routing (SR) leverages the source-routing paradigm. A node
steers a packet through an ordered list of instructions, called steers a packet through an ordered list of instructions called
segments. A segment can represent any instruction, topological or "segments". A segment can represent any instruction, topological or
service-based. The ingress node prepends an SR header to a packet service based. The ingress node prepends an SR header to a packet
containing a set of segment identifiers (SID). Each SID represents a containing a set of segment identifiers (SIDs). Each SID represents
topological or a service-based instruction. Per-flow state is a topological or service-based instruction. Per-flow state is
maintained only on the ingress node of the SR domain. An SR domain maintained only on the ingress node of the SR domain. An "SR domain"
is defined as a single administrative domain for global SID is defined as a single administrative domain for global SID
assignment. assignment.
This document defines an optional, transitive BGP attribute for This document defines an optional, transitive BGP attribute for
announcing BGP Prefix Segment Identifiers (BGP Prefix-SID) announcing information about BGP Prefix Segment Identifiers (BGP
information and the specification for SR-MPLS SIDs. Prefix-SIDs) and the specification for SR-MPLS SIDs.
Requirements Language
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
"OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
capitals, as shown here.
Status of This Memo Status of This Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This is an Internet Standards Track document.
provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute
working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-
Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference received public review and has been approved for publication by the
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on
Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.
This Internet-Draft will expire on December 28, 2018. Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8669.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
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Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1. Introduction
2. MPLS BGP Prefix SID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2. MPLS BGP Prefix-SID
3. BGP Prefix-SID Attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3. BGP Prefix-SID Attribute
3.1. Label-Index TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.1. Label-Index TLV
3.2. Originator SRGB TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.2. Originator SRGB TLV
4. Receiving BGP Prefix-SID Attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 4. Receiving BGP Prefix-SID Attribute
4.1. MPLS Dataplane: Labeled Unicast . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 4.1. MPLS Data Plane: Labeled Unicast
5. Advertising BGP Prefix-SID Attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5. Advertising BGP Prefix-SID Attribute
5.1. MPLS Dataplane: Labeled Unicast . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5.1. MPLS Data Plane: Labeled Unicast
6. Error Handling of BGP Prefix-SID Attribute . . . . . . . . . 10 6. Error Handling of BGP Prefix-SID Attribute
7. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 7. IANA Considerations
8. Manageability Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 8. Manageability Considerations
9. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 9. Security Considerations
10. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 10. References
11. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 10.1. Normative References
12. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 10.2. Informative References
12.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Acknowledgements
12.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Contributors
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Authors' Addresses
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
The Segment Routing (SR) architecture leverages the source routing The Segment Routing (SR) architecture leverages the source-routing
paradigm. A segment represents either a topological instruction such paradigm. A segment represents either a topological instruction,
as "go to prefix P following shortest path" or a service instruction. such as "go to prefix P following shortest path", or a service
Other types of segments may be defined in the future. instruction. Other types of segments may be defined in the future.
A segment is identified through a Segment Identifier (SID). An SR A segment is identified through a Segment Identifier (SID). An "SR
domain is defined as a single administrative domain for global SID domain" is defined as a single administrative domain for global SID
assignment. It may be comprised of a single Autonomous System (AS) assignment. It may be comprised of a single Autonomous System (AS)
or multiple ASes under consolidated global SID administration. or multiple ASes under consolidated global SID administration.
Typically, the ingress node of the SR domain prepends an SR header Typically, the ingress node of the SR domain prepends an SR header
containing segments identifiers (SIDs) to an incoming packet. containing SIDs to an incoming packet.
As described in [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing], when SR is applied As described in [RFC8402], when SR is applied to the MPLS data plane
to the MPLS dataplane ([I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls]), the ([RFC8660]), the SID consists of a label.
SID consists of a label.
[I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing] also describes how segment routing [RFC8402] also describes how Segment Routing can be applied to an
can be applied to an IPv6 dataplane (SRv6) using an IPv6 routing IPv6 data plane (SRv6) using an IPv6 routing header containing a
header containing a stack of SR SIDs encoded as IPv6 addresses stack of SR SIDs encoded as IPv6 addresses [IPv6-SRH]. The
[I-D.ietf-6man-segment-routing-header]. The applicability and applicability and support for Segment Routing over IPv6 is beyond the
support for Segment Routing over IPv6 is beyond the scope of this scope of this document.
document.
A BGP-Prefix Segment is a BGP prefix with a Prefix-SID attached. A A BGP Prefix Segment is a BGP prefix with a Prefix-SID attached. A
BGP Prefix-SID is always a global SID BGP Prefix-SID is always a global SID ([RFC8402]) within the SR
([I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing]) within the SR domain and domain and identifies an instruction to forward the packet over the
identifies an instruction to forward the packet over the Equal-Cost Equal-Cost Multipath (ECMP) best path computed by BGP to the related
Multi-Path (ECMP) best-path computed by BGP to the related prefix. prefix. The BGP Prefix-SID is the identifier of the BGP Prefix
The BGP Prefix-SID is the identifier of the BGP prefix segment. In Segment. In this document, we always refer to the BGP Prefix Segment
this document, we always refer to the BGP-Prefix segment by the BGP by the BGP Prefix-SID.
Prefix-SID.
This document describes the BGP extension to signal the BGP Prefix- This document describes the BGP extensions to signal the BGP Prefix-
SID. Specifically, this document defines a BGP attribute known as SID. Specifically, this document defines a BGP attribute known as
the BGP Prefix-SID attribute and specifies the rules to originate, the "BGP Prefix-SID attribute" and specifies the rules to originate,
receive, and handle error conditions for the attribute. receive, and handle error conditions for the attribute.
The BGP Prefix-SID attribute defined in this document can be attached The BGP Prefix-SID attribute defined in this document can be attached
to prefixes from Multiprotocol BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast to prefixes from Multiprotocol BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast
([RFC4760], [RFC8277]). Usage of the BGP Prefix-SID attribute for ([RFC4760] [RFC8277]). Usage of the BGP Prefix-SID attribute for
other Address Family Identifier (AFI)/ Subsequent Address Family other Address Family Identifier (AFI) / Subsequent Address Family
Identifier (SAFI) combinations is not defined herein but may be Identifier (SAFI) combinations is not defined herein but may be
specified in future specifications. specified in future specifications.
[I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc] describes example use cases [RFC8670] describes example use cases where the BGP Prefix-SID is
where the BGP Prefix-SID is used for the above AFI/SAFI combinations. used for the above AFI/SAFI combinations.
It should be noted that: It should be noted that:
o A BGP Prefix-SID will be global across ASes when the * A BGP Prefix-SID will be global across ASes when the
interconnected ASes are part of the same SR domain. interconnected ASes are part of the same SR domain.
Alternatively, when interconnecting ASes, the ASBRs of each domain Alternatively, when interconnecting ASes, the ASBRs of each domain
will have to handle the advertisement of unique SIDs. The will have to handle the advertisement of unique SIDs. The
mechanisms for such interconnection are outside the scope of the mechanisms for such interconnection are outside the scope of the
protocol extensions defined in this document. protocol extensions defined in this document.
o A BGP Prefix-SID MAY be attached to a BGP prefix. This implies * A BGP Prefix-SID MAY be attached to a BGP prefix. This implies
that each prefix is advertised individually, reducing the ability that each prefix is advertised individually, reducing the ability
to pack BGP advertisements (when sharing common attributes). to pack BGP advertisements (when sharing common attributes).
2. MPLS BGP Prefix SID The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
"OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
capitals, as shown here.
The BGP Prefix-SID is realized on the MPLS dataplane 2. MPLS BGP Prefix-SID
([I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls]) in the following way:
The BGP Prefix-SID is realized on the MPLS data plane ([RFC8660]) in
the following way:
The operator assigns a globally unique label index, L_I, to a The operator assigns a globally unique label index, L_I, to a
locally originated prefix of a BGP speaker N which is advertised locally originated prefix of a BGP speaker N, which is advertised
to all other BGP speakers in the SR domain. to all other BGP speakers in the SR domain.
According to [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing], each BGP speaker According to [RFC8402], each BGP speaker is configured with a
is configured with a label block called the Segment Routing Global label block called the Segment Routing Global Block (SRGB). While
Block (SRGB). While [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing] recommends [RFC8402] recommends using the same SRGB across all the nodes
using the same SRGB across all the nodes within the SR domain, the within the SR domain, the SRGB of a node is a local property and
SRGB of a node is a local property and could be different on could be different on different speakers. The drawbacks of the
different speakers. The drawbacks of the use case where BGP use case where BGP speakers have different SRGBs are documented in
speakers have different SRGBs are documented in [RFC8402] and [RFC8670].
[I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing] and
[I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc].
If traffic-engineering within the SR domain is required, each node If traffic engineering within the SR domain is required, each node
may also be required to advertise topological information and may also be required to advertise topological information and Peer
Peering SIDs for each of its links and peers. This information is SIDs for each of its links and peers. This information is
required to perform the explicit path computation and to express required to perform the explicit path computation and to express
an explicit path as a list of SIDs. The advertisement of an explicit path as a list of SIDs. The advertisement of
topological information and peer segments (Peer SIDs) is done topological information and peer segments (Peer SIDs) is done
through [I-D.ietf-idr-bgpls-segment-routing-epe]. through [BGPLS-SR-EPE].
If a prefix segment is to be included in an MPLS label stack, If a prefix segment is to be included in an MPLS label stack,
e.g., for traffic engineering purposes, the knowledge of the SRGB e.g., for traffic-engineering purposes, knowledge of the prefix
of the originator of the prefix is required in order to compute originator's SRGB is required in order to compute the local label
the local label used by the originator. used by the originator.
This document assumes that BGP-LS is the preferred method for
collecting both peer segments (Peer SIDs) and SRGB information
through [RFC7752], [I-D.ietf-idr-bgpls-segment-routing-epe], and
[I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-ext]. However, as an This document assumes that Border Gateway Protocol - Link State
optional alternative for the advertisement of the local SRGB (BGP-LS) is the preferred method for a collecting both peer
without the topology nor the peer SIDs, hence without segments (Peer SIDs) and SRGB information through [RFC7752],
applicability for TE, the Originator SRGB TLV of the BGP Prefix- [BGPLS-SR-EPE], and [BGPLS-SR-EXT]. However, as an optional
SID attribute is specified in Section 3.2 of this document. alternative for the advertisement of the local SRGB without the
topology or the peer SIDs and, therefore, without applicability
for TE, the Originator SRGB TLV of the BGP Prefix-SID attribute is
specified in Section 3.2 of this document.
A BGP speaker will derive its local MPLS label L from the label A BGP speaker will derive its local MPLS label L from the label
index L_I and its local SRGB as described in index L_I and its local SRGB as described in [RFC8660]. The BGP
[I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls]. The BGP speaker then speaker then programs the MPLS label L in its MPLS data plane as
programs the MPLS label L in its MPLS dataplane as its incoming/ its incoming/local label for the prefix. See Section 4.1 for more
local label for the prefix. See Section 4.1 for more details. details.
The outgoing label for the prefix is found in the Network Layer The outgoing label for the prefix is found in the Network Layer
Reachability Information (NLRI) of the Multiprotocol BGP IPv4/IPv6 Reachability Information (NLRI) of the Multiprotocol BGP IPv4/IPv6
Labeled Unicast prefix advertisement as defined in [RFC8277]. The Labeled Unicast prefix advertisement as defined in [RFC8277]. The
label index L_I is only used as a hint to derive the local/ label index L_I is only used as a hint to derive the local/
incoming label. incoming label.
Section 3.1 of this document specifies the Label-Index TLV of the Section 3.1 of this document specifies the Label-Index TLV of the
BGP Prefix-SID attribute; this TLV can be used to advertise the BGP Prefix-SID attribute; this TLV can be used to advertise the
label index for a given prefix. label index for a given prefix.
skipping to change at page 5, line 38 skipping to change at line 213
The BGP Prefix-SID attribute is an optional, transitive BGP path The BGP Prefix-SID attribute is an optional, transitive BGP path
attribute. The attribute type code 40 has been assigned by IANA (see attribute. The attribute type code 40 has been assigned by IANA (see
Section 7). Section 7).
The BGP Prefix-SID attribute is defined here to be a set of elements The BGP Prefix-SID attribute is defined here to be a set of elements
encoded as "Type/Length/Value" tuples (i.e., a set of TLVs). All BGP encoded as "Type/Length/Value" tuples (i.e., a set of TLVs). All BGP
Prefix-SID attribute TLVs will start with a 1-octet type and a Prefix-SID attribute TLVs will start with a 1-octet type and a
2-octet length. The following TLVs are defined in this document: 2-octet length. The following TLVs are defined in this document:
o Label-Index TLV * Label-Index TLV
o Originator SRGB TLV * Originator SRGB TLV
The Label-Index and Originator SRGB TLVs are used only when SR is The Label-Index and Originator SRGB TLVs are used only when SR is
applied to the MPLS dataplane. applied to the MPLS data plane.
For future extensibility, unknown TLVs MUST be ignored and propagated For future extensibility, unknown TLVs MUST be ignored and propagated
unmodified. unmodified.
3.1. Label-Index TLV 3.1. Label-Index TLV
The Label-Index TLV MUST be present in the BGP Prefix-SID attribute The Label-Index TLV MUST be present in the BGP Prefix-SID attribute
attached to IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast prefixes ([RFC8277]). It MUST attached to IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast prefixes ([RFC8277]). It MUST
be ignored when received for other BGP AFI/SAFI combinations. The be ignored when received for other BGP AFI/SAFI combinations. The
Label-Index TLV has the following format: Label-Index TLV has the following format:
skipping to change at page 6, line 19 skipping to change at line 242
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type | Length | RESERVED | | Type | Length | RESERVED |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Flags | Label Index | | Flags | Label Index |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Label Index | | Label Index |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
where: where:
o Type is 1. Type: 1
o Length: is 7, the total length in octets of the value portion of Length: 7, the total length in octets of the value portion of the
the TLV. TLV.
o RESERVED: 8-bit field. MUST be clear on transmission and MUST be RESERVED: 8-bit field. It MUST be clear on transmission and MUST
ignored on reception. be ignored on reception.
o Flags: 16 bits of flags. None are defined by this document. The Flags: 16 bits of flags. None are defined by this document. The
flag field MUST be clear on transmission and MUST be ignored on Flags field MUST be clear on transmission and MUST be ignored
reception. on reception.
o Label Index: 32-bit value representing the index value in the SRGB Label Index: 32-bit value representing the index value in the
space. SRGB space.
3.2. Originator SRGB TLV 3.2. Originator SRGB TLV
The Originator SRGB TLV is an optional TLV and has the following The Originator SRGB TLV is an optional TLV and has the following
format: format:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type | Length | Flags | | Type | Length | Flags |
skipping to change at page 7, line 27 skipping to change at line 284
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| SRGB n (6 octets) | | SRGB n (6 octets) |
| +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| | | |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
where: where:
o Type is 3. Type: 3
o Length is the total length in octets of the value portion of the Length: The total length in octets of the value portion of the
TLV: 2 + (non-zero multiple of 6). TLV: 2 + (non-zero multiple of 6).
o Flags: 16 bits of flags. None are defined in this document. Flags: 16 bits of flags. None are defined in this document. The
Flags MUST be clear on transmission and MUST be ignored on Flags field MUST be clear on transmission and MUST be ignored
reception. on reception.
o SRGB: 3 octets specifying the first label in the range followed by SRGB: 3 octets specifying the first label in the range followed
3 octets specifying the number of labels in the range. Note that by 3 octets specifying the number of labels in the range. Note
the SRGB field MAY appear multiple times. If the SRGB field that the SRGB field MAY appear multiple times. If the SRGB
appears multiple times, the SRGB consists of multiple ranges that field appears multiple times, the SRGB consists of multiple
are concatenated. ranges that are concatenated.
The Originator SRGB TLV contains the SRGB of the node originating the The Originator SRGB TLV contains the SRGB of the node originating the
prefix to which the BGP Prefix-SID is attached. The Originator SRGB prefix to which the BGP Prefix-SID is attached. The Originator SRGB
TLV MUST NOT be changed during the propagation of the BGP update. It TLV MUST NOT be changed during the propagation of the BGP update. It
is used to build segment routing policies when different SRGBs are is used to build SR policies when different SRGBs are used in the
used in the fabric, for example fabric, for example, [RFC8670].
([I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc]).
Examples of how the receiving routers concatenate the ranges and Examples of how the receiving routers concatenate the ranges and
build their neighbor's Segment Routing Global Block (SRGB) are build their neighbor's Segment Routing Global Block (SRGB) are
included in [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls]). included in [RFC8660].
The Originator SRGB TLV may only appear in a BGP Prefix-SID attribute The Originator SRGB TLV may only appear in a BGP Prefix-SID attribute
attached to IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast prefixes ([RFC8277]). It MUST attached to IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast prefixes ([RFC8277]). It MUST
be ignored when received for other BGP AFI/SAFI combinations. Since be ignored when received for other BGP AFI/SAFI combinations. Since
the Label-Index TLV is required for IPv4/IPv6 prefix applicability, the Label-Index TLV is required for IPv4/IPv6 prefix applicability,
the Originator SRGB TLV will be ignored if it is not specified the Originator SRGB TLV will be ignored if it is not specified in a
consistent with Section 6. manner consistent with Section 6.
If a BGP speaker receives a node's SRGB as an attribute of the BGP-LS If a BGP speaker receives a node's SRGB as an attribute of the BGP-LS
Node NLRI and the BGP speaker also receives the same node's SRGB in a Node NLRI and the BGP speaker also receives the same node's SRGB in a
BGP Prefix-SID attribute, then the received values should be the BGP Prefix-SID attribute, then the received values should be the
same. If the values are different, the values advertised in the BGP- same. If the values are different, the values advertised in the BGP-
LS NLRI SHOULD be preferred and an error should be logged. LS NLRI SHOULD be preferred, and an error should be logged.
4. Receiving BGP Prefix-SID Attribute 4. Receiving BGP Prefix-SID Attribute
A BGP speaker receiving a BGP Prefix-SID attribute from an External A BGP speaker receiving a BGP Prefix-SID attribute from an External
BGP (EBGP) neighbor residing outside the boundaries of the SR domain BGP (EBGP) neighbor residing outside the boundaries of the SR domain
MUST discard the attribute unless it is configured to accept the MUST discard the attribute unless it is configured to accept the
attribute from the EBGP neighbor. A BGP speaker SHOULD log an error attribute from the EBGP neighbor. A BGP speaker SHOULD log an error
for further analysis when discarding an attribute. for further analysis when discarding an attribute.
4.1. MPLS Dataplane: Labeled Unicast 4.1. MPLS Data Plane: Labeled Unicast
A BGP session supporting the Multiprotocol BGP labeled IPv4 or IPv6 A BGP session supporting the Multiprotocol BGP Labeled IPv4 or IPv6
Unicast ([RFC8277]) AFI/SAFI is required. Unicast ([RFC8277]) AFI/SAFI is required.
When the BGP Prefix-SID attribute is attached to a BGP labeled IPv4 When the BGP Prefix-SID attribute is attached to a BGP Labeled IPv4
or IPv6 Unicast [RFC8277] AFI/SAFI, it MUST contain the Label-Index or IPv6 Unicast [RFC8277] AFI/SAFI, it MUST contain the Label-Index
TLV and MAY contain the Originator SRGB TLV. A BGP Prefix-SID TLV and MAY contain the Originator SRGB TLV. A BGP Prefix-SID
attribute received without a Label-Index TLV MUST be considered as attribute received without a Label-Index TLV MUST be considered to be
"invalid" by the receiving speaker. "invalid" by the receiving speaker.
The label index provides guidance to the receiving BGP speaker as to The label index provides guidance to the receiving BGP speaker as to
the incoming label that SHOULD be allocated to the prefix. the incoming label that SHOULD be allocated to the prefix.
A BGP speaker may be locally configured with an SRGB=[SRGB_Start, A BGP speaker may be locally configured with an SRGB=[SRGB_Start,
SRGB_End]. The preferred method for deriving the SRGB is a matter of SRGB_End]. The preferred method for deriving the SRGB is a matter of
local node configuration. local node configuration.
The mechanisms through which a given label index value is assigned to The mechanisms through which a given label-index value is assigned to
a given prefix are outside the scope of this document. a given prefix are outside the scope of this document.
Given a label index L_I, we refer to (L = L_I + SRGB_Start) as the Given a label index L_I, we refer to (L = L_I + SRGB_Start) as the
derived label. A BGP Prefix-SID attribute is designated derived label. A BGP Prefix-SID attribute is designated
"conflicting" for a speaker M if the derived label value L lies "conflicting" for a speaker M if the derived label value L lies
outside the SRGB configured on M. Otherwise the Label-Index TLV is outside the SRGB configured on M. Otherwise, the Label-Index TLV is
designated "acceptable" to speaker M. designated "acceptable" to speaker M.
If multiple different prefixes are received with the same label If multiple different prefixes are received with the same label
index, all of the different prefixes MUST have their BGP Prefix-SID index, all of the different prefixes MUST have their BGP Prefix-SID
attribute considered as "conflicting". attribute considered to be "conflicting".
If multiple valid paths for the same prefix are received from If multiple valid paths for the same prefix are received from
multiple BGP speakers or, in the case of [RFC7911], from the same BGP multiple BGP speakers or, in the case of [RFC7911], from the same BGP
speaker, and the BGP Prefix-SID attributes do not contain the same speaker, and the BGP Prefix-SID attributes do not contain the same
label index, then the label index from the best path BGP Prefix-SID label index, then the label index from the best path BGP Prefix-SID
attribute SHOULD be chosen with a notable exception being when attribute SHOULD be chosen with a notable exception being when
[RFC5004] is being used to dampen route changes. [RFC5004] is being used to dampen route changes.
When a BGP speaker receives a path from a neighbor with an When a BGP speaker receives a path from a neighbor with an
"acceptable" BGP Prefix-SID attribute and that path is selected as "acceptable" BGP Prefix-SID attribute and that path is selected as
the best path, it SHOULD program the derived label as the label for the best path, it SHOULD program the derived label as the label for
the prefix in its local MPLS dataplane. the prefix in its local MPLS data plane.
When a BGP speaker receives a path from a neighbor with an "invalid" When a BGP speaker receives a path from a neighbor with an "invalid"
or "conflicting" BGP Prefix-SID attribute or when a BGP speaker or "conflicting" BGP Prefix-SID attribute, or when a BGP speaker
receives a path from a neighbor with a BGP Prefix-SID attribute but receives a path from a neighbor with a BGP Prefix-SID attribute but
is unable to process it (e.g., local policy disables the is unable to process it (e.g., local policy disables the
functionality), it MUST ignore the BGP Prefix-SID attribute. For the functionality), it MUST ignore the BGP Prefix-SID attribute. For the
purposes of label allocation, a BGP speaker MUST assign a local (also purposes of label allocation, a BGP speaker MUST assign a local (also
called dynamic) label (non-SRGB) for such a prefix as per classic called dynamic) label (non-SRGB) for such a prefix as per classic
Multiprotocol BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast ([RFC8277]) operation. Multiprotocol BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast ([RFC8277]) operation.
In the case of an "invalid" BGP Prefix-SID attribute, a BGP speaker In the case of an "invalid" BGP Prefix-SID attribute, a BGP speaker
MUST follow the error handling rules specified in Section 6. A BGP MUST follow the error-handling rules specified in Section 6. A BGP
speaker SHOULD log an error for further analysis. In the case of a speaker SHOULD log an error for further analysis. In the case of a
"conflicting" BGP Prefix-SID attribute, a BGP speaker SHOULD NOT "conflicting" BGP Prefix-SID attribute, a BGP speaker SHOULD NOT
treat it as error and SHOULD propagate the attribute unchanged. A treat it as an error and SHOULD propagate the attribute unchanged. A
BGP Speaker SHOULD log a warning for further analysis, i.e., in the BGP speaker SHOULD log a warning for further analysis, i.e., in the
case the conflict is not due to a label index transition. case the conflict is not due to a label-index transition.
When a BGP Prefix-SID attribute changes and transitions from When a BGP Prefix-SID attribute changes and transitions from
"conflicting" to "acceptable", the BGP Prefix-SID attributes for "conflicting" to "acceptable", the BGP Prefix-SID attributes for
other prefixes may also transition to "acceptable" as well. other prefixes may also transition to "acceptable" as well.
Implementations SHOULD assure all impacted prefixes revert to using Implementations SHOULD ensure all impacted prefixes revert to using
the label indices corresponding to these newly "acceptable" BGP the label indices corresponding to these newly "acceptable" BGP
Prefix-SID attributes. Prefix-SID attributes.
The outgoing label is always programmed as per classic Multiprotocol The outgoing label is always programmed as per classic Multiprotocol
BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast ([RFC8277]) operation. Specifically, a BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast ([RFC8277]) operation. Specifically, a
BGP speaker receiving a prefix with a BGP Prefix-SID attribute and a BGP speaker receiving a prefix with a BGP Prefix-SID attribute and a
label NLRI field of Implicit NULL [RFC3032] from a neighbor MUST label NLRI field of Implicit NULL [RFC3032] from a neighbor MUST
adhere to standard behavior and program its MPLS dataplane to pop the adhere to standard behavior and program its MPLS data plane to pop
top label when forwarding traffic to the prefix. The label NLRI the top label when forwarding traffic to the prefix. The label NLRI
defines the outbound label that MUST be used by the receiving node. defines the outbound label that MUST be used by the receiving node.
5. Advertising BGP Prefix-SID Attribute 5. Advertising BGP Prefix-SID Attribute
The BGP Prefix-SID attribute MAY be attached to BGP IPv4/IPv6 Label The BGP Prefix-SID attribute MAY be attached to BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled
Unicast prefixes [RFC8277]. In order to prevent distribution of the Unicast prefixes [RFC8277]. In order to prevent distribution of the
BGP Prefix-SID attribute beyond its intended scope of applicability, BGP Prefix-SID attribute beyond its intended scope of applicability,
attribute filtering SHOULD be deployed to remove the BGP Prefix-SID attribute filtering SHOULD be deployed to remove the BGP Prefix-SID
attribute at the administrative boundary of the segment routing attribute at the administrative boundary of the SR domain.
domain.
A BGP speaker that advertises a path received from one of its A BGP speaker that advertises a path received from one of its
neighbors SHOULD advertise the BGP Prefix-SID received with the path neighbors SHOULD advertise the BGP Prefix-SID received with the path
without modification, as long as the BGP Prefix-SID was acceptable. without modification as long as the BGP Prefix-SID was acceptable.
If the path did not come with a BGP Prefix-SID attribute, the speaker If the path did not come with a BGP Prefix-SID attribute, the speaker
MAY attach a BGP Prefix-SID to the path if configured to do so. The MAY attach a BGP Prefix-SID to the path if configured to do so. The
content of the TLVs present in the BGP Prefix-SID is determined by content of the TLVs present in the BGP Prefix-SID is determined by
the configuration. the configuration.
5.1. MPLS Dataplane: Labeled Unicast 5.1. MPLS Data Plane: Labeled Unicast
A BGP speaker that originates a prefix attaches the BGP Prefix-SID A BGP speaker that originates a prefix attaches the BGP Prefix-SID
attribute when it advertises the prefix to its neighbors via attribute when it advertises the prefix to its neighbors via
Multiprotocol BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast ([RFC8277]). The value Multiprotocol BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast ([RFC8277]). The value
of the label index in the Label-Index TLV is determined by of the label index in the Label-Index TLV is determined by
configuration. configuration.
A BGP speaker that originates a BGP Prefix-SID attribute MAY A BGP speaker that originates a BGP Prefix-SID attribute MAY
optionally announce the Originator SRGB TLV along with the mandatory optionally announce the Originator SRGB TLV along with the mandatory
Label-Index TLV. The content of the Originator SRGB TLV is Label-Index TLV. The content of the Originator SRGB TLV is
determined by configuration. determined by configuration.
Since the label index value must be unique within an SR domain, by Since the label-index value must be unique within an SR domain, by
default an implementation SHOULD NOT advertise the BGP Prefix-SID default an implementation SHOULD NOT advertise the BGP Prefix-SID
attribute outside an Autonomous System unless it is explicitly attribute outside an AS unless it is explicitly configured to do so.
configured to do so.
In all cases, the label field of the advertised NLRI ([RFC8277], In all cases, the Label field of the advertised NLRI ([RFC8277]
[RFC4364]) MUST be set to the local/incoming label programmed in the [RFC4364]) MUST be set to the local/incoming label programmed in the
MPLS dataplane for the given advertised prefix. If the prefix is MPLS data plane for the given advertised prefix. If the prefix is
associated with one of the BGP speaker's interfaces, this is the associated with one of the BGP speaker's interfaces, this is the
usual MPLS label (such as the Implicit or Explicit NULL label usual MPLS label (such as the Implicit or Explicit NULL label
[RFC3032]). [RFC3032]).
6. Error Handling of BGP Prefix-SID Attribute 6. Error Handling of BGP Prefix-SID Attribute
When a BGP Speaker receives a BGP Update message containing a When a BGP speaker receives a BGP UPDATE message containing a
malformed or invalid BGP Prefix-SID attribute attached to a IPv4/IPv6 malformed or invalid BGP Prefix-SID attribute attached to an IPv4/
Labeled Unicast prefix [RFC8277], it MUST ignore the received BGP IPv6 Labeled Unicast prefix ([RFC8277]), it MUST ignore the received
Prefix-SID attributes and not advertise it to other BGP peers. In BGP Prefix-SID attribute and not advertise it to other BGP peers. In
this context, a malformed BGP Prefix-SID attribute is one that cannot this context, a malformed BGP Prefix-SID attribute is one that cannot
be parsed due to not meeting the minimum attribute length be parsed due to not meeting the minimum attribute length
requirement, contains a TLV length that doesn't conform to the length requirement, containing a TLV length that doesn't conform to the
constraints for the TLV, or a contains TLV length that would extend length constraints for the TLV, or containing a TLV length that would
beyond the end of the attribute (as defined by the attribute length). extend beyond the end of the attribute (as defined by the attribute
This is equivalent to the "Attribute discard" action specified in length). This is equivalent to the "Attribute discard" action
[RFC7606]. When discarding an attribute, a BGP speaker SHOULD log an specified in [RFC7606]. When discarding an attribute, a BGP speaker
error for further analysis. SHOULD log an error for further analysis.
As per with [RFC7606], if the BGP Prefix-SID attribute appears more As per [RFC7606], if the BGP Prefix-SID attribute appears more than
than once in an UPDATE message, then all the occurrences of the once in an UPDATE message, all the occurrences of the attribute other
attribute other than the first one SHALL be discarded and the UPDATE than the first one SHALL be discarded and the UPDATE message will
message will continue to be processed. Similarly, if a recognized continue to be processed. Similarly, if a recognized TLV appears
TLV appears more than once in an BGP Prefix-SID attribute while the more than once in a BGP Prefix-SID attribute while the specification
specification only allows for a single occurrence, then all the only allows for a single occurrence, then all the occurrences of the
occurrences of the TLV other than the first one SHALL be discarded TLV other than the first one SHALL be discarded and the Prefix-SID
and the Prefix-SID attribute will continue to be processed. attribute will continue to be processed.
For future extensibility, unknown TLVs MUST be ignored and propagated For future extensibility, unknown TLVs MUST be ignored and propagated
unmodified. unmodified.
7. IANA Considerations 7. IANA Considerations
This document defines a BGP path attribute known as the BGP Prefix- This document defines a BGP path attribute known as the BGP Prefix-
SID attribute. This document requests IANA to assign an attribute SID attribute. IANA has assigned attribute code type 40 to the BGP
code type (suggested value: 40) to the BGP Prefix-SID attribute from Prefix-SID attribute from the "BGP Path Attributes" registry.
the BGP Path Attributes registry.
IANA temporarily assigned the following: This document defines two TLVs for the BGP Prefix-SID attribute.
These TLVs have been registered with IANA. IANA has created a
registry for BGP Prefix-SID Attribute TLVs as follows:
40 BGP Prefix-SID (TEMPORARY - registered 2015-09-30, expires Under the "Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Parameters" registry, the
2018-09-30) [draft-ietf-idr-bgp-prefix-sid] new registry titled "BGP Prefix-SID TLV Types" has been created and
points to this document as the reference.
This document defines two TLVs for the BGP Prefix-SID attribute. Registration Procedure(s):
These TLVs need to be registered with IANA. We request IANA to
create a registry for BGP Prefix-SID Attribute TLVs as follows:
Under "Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Parameters" registry, "BGP Values 1-254, Expert Review as defined in [RFC8126]
Prefix-SID TLV Types" Reference: draft-ietf-idr-bgp-prefix-sid Values 0 and 255, Reserved
Registration Procedure(s): Values 1-254 - Expert Review as defined in
[RFC8126], Value 0 and 255 reserved
Value Type Reference
0 Reserved this document
1 Label-Index this document
2 Deprecated this document
3 Originator SRGB this document
4-254 Unassigned
255 Reserved this document
The value 2 previously corresponded to the IPv6 SID TLV which was +-------+-----------------+---------------+
specified in previous versions of this document. It was removed and | Value | Type | Reference |
usage of the BGP Prefix-SID for Segment Routing over the IPv6 +=======+=================+===============+
dataplane [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing] has been deferred to | 0 | Reserved | This document |
future specifications. +-------+-----------------+---------------+
| 1 | Label-Index | This document |
+-------+-----------------+---------------+
| 2 | Deprecated | This document |
+-------+-----------------+---------------+
| 3 | Originator SRGB | This document |
+-------+-----------------+---------------+
| 4-254 | Unassigned | |
+-------+-----------------+---------------+
| 255 | Reserved | This document |
+-------+-----------------+---------------+
This document also requests creation of the "BGP Prefix-SID Label- Table 1: BGP Prefix-SID TLV Types
Index TLV Flags" registry under the "Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
Parameters" registry, Reference: draft-ietf-idr-bgp-prefix-sid.
Initially, this 16-bit flags registry will be empty. The
registration policy for flag bits will Expert Review [RFC8126]
consistent with the BGP Prefix-SID TLV Types registry.
Finally, this document requests creation of the "BGP Prefix-SID The value 2 previously corresponded to the IPv6 SID TLV, which was
Originator SRGB TLV Flags" registry under the "Border Gateway specified in previous versions of this document. It was removed, and
Protocol (BGP) Parameters" registry, Reference: draft-ietf-idr-bgp- use of the BGP Prefix-SID for Segment Routing over the IPv6 data
prefix-sid. Initially, this 16-bit flags registry will be empty. plane [RFC8402] has been deferred to future specifications.
The registration policy for flag bits will Expert Review [RFC8126]
consistent with the BGP Prefix-SID TLV Types registry. IANA has also created the "BGP Prefix-SID Label-Index TLV Flags"
registry under the "Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Parameters"
registry, with a reference to this document. Initially, this 16-bit
flags registry is empty. The registration policy for flag bits is
Expert Review [RFC8126], consistent with the "BGP Prefix-SID TLV
Types" registry.
Finally, IANA has created the "BGP Prefix-SID Originator SRGB TLV
Flags" registry under the "Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Parameters"
registry, with a reference to this document. Initially, this 16-bit
flags registry is empty. The registration policy for flag bits is
Expert Review [RFC8126] consistent with the BGP Prefix-SID TLV Types
registry.
The designated experts must be good and faithful stewards of the The designated experts must be good and faithful stewards of the
above registries, assuring that each request is legitimate and above registries, ensuring that each request is legitimate and
corresponds to a viable use case. Given the limited number of bits corresponds to a viable use case. Given the limited number of bits
in the flags registries and the applicability to a single TLV, in the flags registries and the applicability to a single TLV,
additional scrutiny should be afforded to flag bit allocation additional scrutiny should be afforded to requests for flag-bit
requests. In general, no single use case should require more than allocation. In general, no single use case should require more than
one flag bit and, should the use case require more, alternate one flag bit and, should the use case require more, alternate
encodings using new TLVs should be considered. encodings using new TLVs should be considered.
8. Manageability Considerations 8. Manageability Considerations
This document defines a BGP attribute to address use cases such as This document defines a BGP attribute to address use cases such as
the one described in [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc]. It is the one described in [RFC8670]. It is assumed that advertisement of
assumed that advertisement of the BGP Prefix-SID attribute is the BGP Prefix-SID attribute is controlled by the operator in order
controlled by the operator in order to: to:
o Prevent undesired origination/advertisement of the BGP Prefix-SID * Prevent undesired origination/advertisement of the BGP Prefix-SID
attribute. By default, a BGP Prefix-SID attribute SHOULD NOT be attribute. By default, a BGP Prefix-SID attribute SHOULD NOT be
attached to a prefix and advertised. Hence, BGP Prefix-SID attached to a prefix and advertised. Hence, BGP Prefix-SID
advertisement SHOULD require explicit enablement. Advertisement SHOULD require explicit enablement.
o Prevent any undesired propagation of the BGP Prefix-SID attribute. * Prevent any undesired propagation of the BGP Prefix-SID attribute.
By default, the BGP Prefix-SID is not advertised outside the By default, the BGP Prefix-SID is not advertised outside the
boundary of a single SR/administrative domain which may include boundary of a single SR/administrative domain that may include one
one or more ASes. The propagation to other ASes MUST be or more ASes. The propagation to other ASes MUST be explicitly
explicitly configured. configured.
The deployment model described in The deployment model described in [RFC8670] assumes multiple ASes
[I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc] assumes multiple Autonomous under a common administrative domain. For this use case, the BGP
Systems (ASes) under a common administrative domain. For this use Prefix-SID Advertisement is applicable to the inter-AS context, i.e.,
case, the BGP Prefix-SID advertisement is applicable to the inter-AS EBGP, while it is confined to a single administrative domain.
context, i.e., EBGP, while it is confined to a single administrative
domain.
9. Security Considerations 9. Security Considerations
This document introduces a BGP attribute (BGP Prefix-SID) which This document introduces a BGP attribute (BGP Prefix-SID), which
inherits the security considerations expressed in: [RFC4271], inherits the security considerations expressed in: [RFC4271],
[RFC8277], and [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing]. [RFC8277], and [RFC8402].
When advertised using BGPsec as described in [RFC8205], the BGP When advertised using BGPsec as described in [RFC8205], the BGP
Prefix-SID attribute doesn't impose any unique security Prefix-SID attribute doesn't impose any unique security
considerations. It should be noted that the BGP Prefix-SID attribute considerations. It should be noted that the BGP Prefix-SID attribute
is not protected by the BGPsec signatures. is not protected by the BGPsec signatures.
It should be noted that, as described in Section 8, this document It should be noted that, as described in Section 8, this document
refers to a deployment model where all nodes are under the single refers to a deployment model where all nodes are under the single
administrative domain. In this context, we assume that the operator administrative domain. In this context, we assume that the operator
doesn't want to leak any information related to internal prefixes and doesn't want to leak any information related to internal prefixes and
topology outside of the administrative domain. The internal topology outside of the administrative domain. The internal
information includes the BGP Prefix-SID. In order to prevent such information includes the BGP Prefix-SID. In order to prevent such
leaking, the common BGP mechanisms (filters) are applied at the leaking, the common BGP mechanisms (filters) are applied at the
boundary of the SR/administrative domain. Local BGP attribute boundary of the SR/administrative domain. Local BGP-attribute-
filtering policies and mechanisms are not standardized and, filtering policies and mechanisms are not standardized and,
consequently, beyond the scope of this document. consequently, are beyond the scope of this document.
To prevent a Denial-of-Service (DoS) or Distributed-Denial-of-Service To prevent a Denial-of-Service (DoS) or Distributed-Denial-of-Service
(DDoS) attack due to excessive BGP updates with an invalid or (DDoS) attack due to excessive BGP updates with an invalid or
conflicting BGP Prefix-SID attribute, error log message rate-limiting conflicting BGP Prefix-SID attribute, error log message rate limiting
as well as suppression of duplicate error log messages SHOULD be as well as suppression of duplicate error log messages SHOULD be
deployed. deployed.
Since BGP-LS is the preferred method for advertising SRGB Since BGP-LS is the preferred method for advertising SRGB
information, the BGP speaker SHOULD log an error if a BGP Prefix-SID information, the BGP speaker SHOULD log an error if a BGP Prefix-SID
attribute is received with SRGB information different from that attribute is received with SRGB information different from that
received as an attribute of the same node's BGP-LS Node NLRI. received as an attribute of the same node's BGP-LS Node NLRI.
10. Contributors 10. References
Keyur Patel
Arrcus, Inc.
US
Email: Keyur@arrcus.com
Saikat Ray
Unaffiliated
US
Email: raysaikat@gmail.com
11. Acknowledgements
The authors would like to thank Satya Mohanty for his contribution to
this document.
The authors would like to thank Alvaro Retana for substantive
comments as part of the Routing AD review.
The authors would like to thank Bruno Decraene for substantive
comments and suggested text as part of the Routing Directorate
review.
The authors would like to thank Shyam Sethuram for comments and
discussion of TLV processing and validation.
The authors would like to thank Robert Raszuk for comments and
suggestions regarding the MPLS data plane behavior.
The authors would like to thank Krishna Deevi, Juan Alcaide, Howard
Yang, and Jakob Heitz for discussions on conflicting BGP Prefix-SID
label indices and BGP add paths.
The authors would like to thank Peter Yee, Tony Przygienda, Mirja
Kuehlewind, Alexey Melnikov, Eric Rescorla, Suresh Krishnan, Warren
Kumari, Ben Campbell Sue Hares, and Martin Vigoureux for IDR Working
Group last call, IETF Last Call, directorate, and IESG reviews.
12. References
12.1. Normative References
[I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing]
Filsfils, C., Previdi, S., Ginsberg, L., Decraene, B.,
Litkowski, S., and R. Shakir, "Segment Routing
Architecture", draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-15 (work
in progress), January 2018.
[I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls] 10.1. Normative References
Bashandy, A., Filsfils, C., Previdi, S., Decraene, B.,
Litkowski, S., and R. Shakir, "Segment Routing with MPLS
data plane", draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-14
(work in progress), June 2018.
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, <https://www.rfc- DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
editor.org/info/rfc2119>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
[RFC4271] Rekhter, Y., Ed., Li, T., Ed., and S. Hares, Ed., "A [RFC4271] Rekhter, Y., Ed., Li, T., Ed., and S. Hares, Ed., "A
Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)", RFC 4271, Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)", RFC 4271,
DOI 10.17487/RFC4271, January 2006, <https://www.rfc- DOI 10.17487/RFC4271, January 2006,
editor.org/info/rfc4271>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4271>.
[RFC4364] Rosen, E. and Y. Rekhter, "BGP/MPLS IP Virtual Private [RFC4364] Rosen, E. and Y. Rekhter, "BGP/MPLS IP Virtual Private
Networks (VPNs)", RFC 4364, DOI 10.17487/RFC4364, February Networks (VPNs)", RFC 4364, DOI 10.17487/RFC4364, February
2006, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4364>. 2006, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4364>.
[RFC4760] Bates, T., Chandra, R., Katz, D., and Y. Rekhter, [RFC4760] Bates, T., Chandra, R., Katz, D., and Y. Rekhter,
"Multiprotocol Extensions for BGP-4", RFC 4760, "Multiprotocol Extensions for BGP-4", RFC 4760,
DOI 10.17487/RFC4760, January 2007, <https://www.rfc- DOI 10.17487/RFC4760, January 2007,
editor.org/info/rfc4760>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4760>.
[RFC7606] Chen, E., Ed., Scudder, J., Ed., Mohapatra, P., and K. [RFC7606] Chen, E., Ed., Scudder, J., Ed., Mohapatra, P., and K.
Patel, "Revised Error Handling for BGP UPDATE Messages", Patel, "Revised Error Handling for BGP UPDATE Messages",
RFC 7606, DOI 10.17487/RFC7606, August 2015, RFC 7606, DOI 10.17487/RFC7606, August 2015,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7606>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7606>.
[RFC7911] Walton, D., Retana, A., Chen, E., and J. Scudder, [RFC7911] Walton, D., Retana, A., Chen, E., and J. Scudder,
"Advertisement of Multiple Paths in BGP", RFC 7911, "Advertisement of Multiple Paths in BGP", RFC 7911,
DOI 10.17487/RFC7911, July 2016, <https://www.rfc- DOI 10.17487/RFC7911, July 2016,
editor.org/info/rfc7911>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7911>.
[RFC8126] Cotton, M., Leiba, B., and T. Narten, "Guidelines for [RFC8126] Cotton, M., Leiba, B., and T. Narten, "Guidelines for
Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26,
RFC 8126, DOI 10.17487/RFC8126, June 2017, RFC 8126, DOI 10.17487/RFC8126, June 2017,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8126>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8126>.
[RFC8174] Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC [RFC8174] Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174, 2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>. May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.
[RFC8205] Lepinski, M., Ed. and K. Sriram, Ed., "BGPsec Protocol [RFC8205] Lepinski, M., Ed. and K. Sriram, Ed., "BGPsec Protocol
Specification", RFC 8205, DOI 10.17487/RFC8205, September Specification", RFC 8205, DOI 10.17487/RFC8205, September
2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8205>. 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8205>.
[RFC8277] Rosen, E., "Using BGP to Bind MPLS Labels to Address [RFC8277] Rosen, E., "Using BGP to Bind MPLS Labels to Address
Prefixes", RFC 8277, DOI 10.17487/RFC8277, October 2017, Prefixes", RFC 8277, DOI 10.17487/RFC8277, October 2017,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8277>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8277>.
12.2. Informative References [RFC8402] Filsfils, C., Ed., Previdi, S., Ed., Ginsberg, L.,
Decraene, B., Litkowski, S., and R. Shakir, "Segment
Routing Architecture", RFC 8402, DOI 10.17487/RFC8402,
July 2018, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8402>.
[I-D.ietf-6man-segment-routing-header] [RFC8660] Bashandy, A., Ed., Filsfils, C., Ed., Previdi, S.,
Previdi, S., Filsfils, C., Leddy, J., Matsushima, S., and Decraene, B., Litkowski, S., and R. Shakir, "Segment
d. daniel.voyer@bell.ca, "IPv6 Segment Routing Header Routing with the MPLS Data Plane", RFC 8660,
(SRH)", draft-ietf-6man-segment-routing-header-13 (work in DOI 10.17487/RFC8660, December 2019,
progress), May 2018. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8660>.
[I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-ext] 10.2. Informative References
[BGPLS-SR-EPE]
Previdi, S., Talaulikar, K., Filsfils, C., Patel, K., Ray,
S., and J. Dong, "BGP-LS extensions for Segment Routing
BGP Egress Peer Engineering", Work in Progress, Internet-
Draft, draft-ietf-idr-bgpls-segment-routing-epe-19, 16 May
2019, <https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-idr-bgpls-
segment-routing-epe-19>.
[BGPLS-SR-EXT]
Previdi, S., Talaulikar, K., Filsfils, C., Gredler, H., Previdi, S., Talaulikar, K., Filsfils, C., Gredler, H.,
and M. Chen, "BGP Link-State extensions for Segment and M. Chen, "BGP Link-State extensions for Segment
Routing", draft-ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-ext-08 Routing", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-
(work in progress), May 2018. idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-ext-16, 27 June 2019,
<https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-idr-bgp-ls-
[I-D.ietf-idr-bgpls-segment-routing-epe] segment-routing-ext-16>.
Previdi, S., Filsfils, C., Patel, K., Ray, S., and J.
Dong, "BGP-LS extensions for Segment Routing BGP Egress
Peer Engineering", draft-ietf-idr-bgpls-segment-routing-
epe-15 (work in progress), March 2018.
[I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc] [IPv6-SRH] Filsfils, C., Dukes, D., Previdi, S., Leddy, J.,
Filsfils, C., Previdi, S., Dawra, G., Aries, E., and P. Matsushima, S., and D. Voyer, "IPv6 Segment Routing Header
Lapukhov, "BGP-Prefix Segment in large-scale data (SRH)", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-6man-
centers", draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc-09 (work segment-routing-header-26, 22 October 2019,
in progress), May 2018. <https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-6man-segment-
routing-header-26>.
[RFC3032] Rosen, E., Tappan, D., Fedorkow, G., Rekhter, Y., [RFC3032] Rosen, E., Tappan, D., Fedorkow, G., Rekhter, Y.,
Farinacci, D., Li, T., and A. Conta, "MPLS Label Stack Farinacci, D., Li, T., and A. Conta, "MPLS Label Stack
Encoding", RFC 3032, DOI 10.17487/RFC3032, January 2001, Encoding", RFC 3032, DOI 10.17487/RFC3032, January 2001,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3032>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3032>.
[RFC5004] Chen, E. and S. Sangli, "Avoid BGP Best Path Transitions [RFC5004] Chen, E. and S. Sangli, "Avoid BGP Best Path Transitions
from One External to Another", RFC 5004, from One External to Another", RFC 5004,
DOI 10.17487/RFC5004, September 2007, <https://www.rfc- DOI 10.17487/RFC5004, September 2007,
editor.org/info/rfc5004>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5004>.
[RFC7752] Gredler, H., Ed., Medved, J., Previdi, S., Farrel, A., and [RFC7752] Gredler, H., Ed., Medved, J., Previdi, S., Farrel, A., and
S. Ray, "North-Bound Distribution of Link-State and S. Ray, "North-Bound Distribution of Link-State and
Traffic Engineering (TE) Information Using BGP", RFC 7752, Traffic Engineering (TE) Information Using BGP", RFC 7752,
DOI 10.17487/RFC7752, March 2016, <https://www.rfc- DOI 10.17487/RFC7752, March 2016,
editor.org/info/rfc7752>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7752>.
[RFC8670] Filsfils, C., Ed., Previdi, S., Dawra, G., Aries, E., and
P. Lapukhov, "BGP Prefix Segment in Large-Scale Data
Centers", RFC 8670, DOI 10.17487/RFC8670, December 2019,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8670>.
Acknowledgements
The authors would like to thank Satya Mohanty for his contribution to
this document.
The authors would like to thank Alvaro Retana for substantive
comments as part of the Routing AD review.
The authors would like to thank Bruno Decraene for substantive
comments and suggested text as part of the Routing Directorate
review.
The authors would like to thank Shyam Sethuram for comments and
discussion of TLV processing and validation.
The authors would like to thank Robert Raszuk for comments and
suggestions regarding the MPLS data-plane behavior.
The authors would like to thank Krishna Deevi, Juan Alcaide, Howard
Yang, and Jakob Heitz for discussions on conflicting BGP Prefix-SID
label indices and BGP add paths.
The authors would like to thank Peter Yee, Tony Przygienda, Mirja
Kuhlewind, Alexey Melnikov, Eric Rescorla, Suresh Krishnan, Warren
Kumari, Ben Campbell Sue Hares, and Martin Vigoureux for IDR Working
Group last call, IETF Last Call, directorate, and IESG reviews.
Contributors
Keyur Patel
Arrcus, Inc.
United States of America
Email: Keyur@arrcus.com
Saikat Ray
Unaffiliated
United States of America
Email: raysaikat@gmail.com
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Stefano Previdi Stefano Previdi
Cisco Systems Huawei Technologies
IT Italy
Email: stefano@previdi.net Email: stefano@previdi.net
Clarence Filsfils Clarence Filsfils
Cisco Systems Cisco Systems
Brussels Brussels
Belgium Belgium
Email: cfilsfils@cisco.com Email: cfilsfil@cisco.com
Acee Lindem (editor) Acee Lindem (editor)
Cisco Systems Cisco Systems
301 Midenhall Way 301 Midenhall Way
Cary, NC 27513 Cary, NC, 27513
USA United States of America
Email: acee@cisco.com Email: acee@cisco.com
Arjun Sreekantiah Arjun Sreekantiah
Email: arjunhrs@gmail.com Email: arjunhrs@gmail.com
Hannes Gredler Hannes Gredler
RtBrick Inc. RtBrick Inc.
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